Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented, but research is ongoing to determine its environmental triggers. While type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented, there are several steps people can take to reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Unhealthy eating habits and sedentary lifestyles associated with urbanisation are common factors contributing to the development of type 2 diabetes. There is overwhelming evidence from studies in the USA, Finland, China, India and Japan that lifestyle changes (achieving a healthy body weight and moderate physical activity) can help prevent the development of type 2 diabetes in those at high risk.
IDF recommends physical activity at least between three to five days a week, for a minimum of 30-45 minutes.
Preventing type 2 diabetes involves a healthy lifestyle: a balanced diet, regular exercise, and avoiding sugary and processed foods. Maintaining a healthy weight is crucial as obesity increases the risk. Even a small weight loss can significantly reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. Lastly, regular screenings and check-ups, especially for people at risk, can detect early signs and delay or prevent the onset of diabetes.