Diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are both global epidemics. They are currently among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly affecting populations in low- and middle-income countries. Their negative effects are accelerated by globalization, rapid unplanned urbanization and increasingly sedentary lifestyles.
People with diabetes are two to three times more likely to have cardiovascular disease than people without diabetes. High levels of blood glucose can make the blood coagulation system more active, increasing the risk of blood clots. Diabetes is also associated with high blood pressure and cholesterol levels, which lead to increased risk of cardiovascular complications such as angina, coronary artery diseases (CADs), myocardial infaction, stroke, peripheral artery disease (PAD), and congestive heart failure.
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels and include:
Several risk factors can increase the chances of developing CVD. These include associated conditions, metabolic risk factors, behavioural risk factors, modifiable factors and non-modifiable risk factors.
Perspectives on CVD from people living with diabetes
Global coalition for circulatory health
The International Diabetes Federation is a member of the Global Coalition for Circulatory Health, a network of international, regional and national organizations advocating for increased prevention, control and treatment of all circulatory diseases.
The Global Coalition aims to:
Advocate for and support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3.4 of a one-third reduction in premature NCD deaths by 2030. The Coalition will build on the work done to date to meet the global target of a 25 percent reduction by 2025 in premature mortality from heart disease and stroke, and on the World Health Organization’s Global Hearts Initiative;
Promote common messaging by partner organizations and leverage their extensive networks to cascade messages at regional and national levels in order to influence relevant local policy- and decision-makers;
Strengthen the voice of people living with heart disease, stroke and associated conditions by including patients, their families and communities in decision-making processes and in national, regional and global advocacy.
In 2018, the Global Coalition published a White Paper that draws on stories and lessons from around the world to showcase proven, practical steps to advance circulatory health.